China and Japan is the two countries where are helping Cambodian to rehabilitate the infrastructure in Cambodia, especially Bridge construction.
According the report of the Ministry of Public and Transport Ministry, Cambodia has total 11.494 km and has total 2.227 bridges or 52.740 km. And among the longest bridges are build under financial support by Japanese and China government.
The longest bridges are Neak Leoung bridge, 2.220 m length situates along the national road number 1 from Phnom Penh to Bavet International Check point across the Mekong river that are going to completely build in 2015 with USD 131 millions. After it finished its 709.8 m Japan-Cambodia Friendship or Chroy Chanva bridge construction across Tonle Sap with USD 23.2 millions in 1994 and the 1.500 m Kizuna or Tonle Bit bridge across Mekong river in 2001 with USD 56 millions.
HE. Hor Namhong, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation said after the Neak Leoung bridge signing agreement on Jun 23, Japanese ODA to Cambodia mainly on bridge construction is so important for Cambodia development.
“ Bridges, especially Neak Leoung are important to promote Cambodia economy and will connect Cambodia to other countries in the region such as Vietnam, Thailand, Laos, as well as China”, he said.
Beside Japan, China are also is the main partner for Cambodian bridge construction in the country. The 1.057m long bridge across Sekong river, a river in northeastern province connect from Stung Treng to Laos boder is the first the Cambodian-Chinese Friendship Bridge. The next Cambodian-Chinese Friendship bridge s are 975m long Preak Dam bridge across Tonle sap River, which is under preferential buyer’s credit loan from China and the other one is is 1,060 meters Preak Tamak across Mekong River. It is one of the four Cambodian infrastructure projects under preferential buyer’s credit loan from China have been approved in 2007. Now all of these bridge has been used.
Mr. Chheang Vannarith, Executive Director of Cambodian Institute for Cooperation and Peace said in his working paper, Cambodia between China and Japan that Cambodia bilateral relations with China and Japan have constructed and nurtured for long time. Cambodia-China relations are mainly shaped by traditional political links, ethnic Chinese community residing in Cambodia, recent bilateral economic relations, China’s dominant participation in Cambodia’s economy, and Chinese financial aid to Cambodia. The increasing economic and aid relations between Cambodia and China
present an opportunity of stronger economic interdependence between the two countries. Cambodia is a small economy so Cambodia relies much on China for the sources of finance and market. For Cambodia-Japan relations, it relies much on the good heart of Japanese people who are willing to support the peace building and national reconstruction of Cambodia. Japan seems do not have much political interests in Cambodia. Rather Japan is focusing on Cambodian development through Official Development Assistance.
The good relations between Cambodia-China and Cambodia-Japan especially the increasing economic cooperation and integration between Cambodia and China, and Cambodia and Japan contribute to East Asian regional integration process, he said.
Beside the Japan and China’s assistance achievement to Cambodia, there are some bridges has been self-developed by Cambodian private companies and royal government of Cambodia.
The biggest achievement and the most remembering infrastructure for Phnom Penh’s residence in 2010 is Kbal Knal sky bridge where it was official inaugurated by Samdech Hun Sen, Prime Minister of Cambodia on June 24.
The bridge with 308 m long, 14m width, and 5.2 height is the first one in Cambodian history, he said at the inauguration ceremony.
This bridge has been build up with USD6 million and there are one more are going to build one more in Kosamak Hospital in western part of Phnom Penh.
The other achievement in Phnom Pen is the new Preah Monivong Bridge was inaugurated officially in May 27, 2009. It is a replica of the existing Preah Monivong Bridge in terms of its shape and height, the bridge of 14m wide and 269.50m long was built of reinforce concrete, and supported by polygon-shaped pillars of 3mx8m in size. The bridge is located 30m south from the existing one and is equipped with electricity poles and a water supply pipe so as to distribute clean water to the eastern areas of the bridge. The bridge construction costs USD 10,489,097 and it has been 2 years and 5 months.
The others remember in Cambodian infrastructure development in Cambodia is The Prek Pnov Bridge is the second bridge spanning the Tonle Sap River, linking National Road No. 5 to Road No. 6A. The detailed design consisting of bridge works with a total length of 1.725 km and a 2-lane road with a total distance of 8.17 km. The bridge works included a 540-m-long road crossing Road No. 5 and a bridge structure of 1,185 m in length with 120-m-long main span. This has been build up by Koh Kong International Resort Club Co. LTD after it complete its Koh Kong bridge in 2002. This bridge is 1900m long with USD 7.2 millions.